This makes picking the right color or colors for packaging all the more important. But how do you pick a palette that suits your brand, describes your product, helps you build a unique identity, and appeals to your customer
How To Choose The Right Packaging Colors
Consumer Buying Behavior tells us that consumers are influenced by packaging colors. When picking the most suitable shade for your product packaging, you need to keep several things in mind.
- Think of the buyer: Your consumers should be able to connect with the colors you choose. Keep the target market in focus. Understand their needs, their motivation. What is their age, gender, economic status, education? For example, McDonald’s classic red and yellow color represents energy and youthfulness that their target audience can relate to.
- Represent the product: At times, you want the packaging to tell the consumer about the contents of the products. For example, the color of the shampoo bottle might give the buyer a hint about its composition.
- Stand apart from your competition: You don’t want your product to simply blend on the shelf but rather stand out. By choosing a color that’s unique or different from your competition you have a better chance of your product being noticed and remembered. For example, two leading soda companies Coca-Cola and Pepsi have contrasting primary colors red vs blue. There are ways to decode a competitor’s packaging colors to help you make a decision.
- Communicate the product’s purpose: The color should subconsciously communicate the message you want to send buyers. Do you want them to think about the product as comforting or fun? Is the product related to wellness or security? Does it evoke a sense of luxury or sophistication? For example, Apple’s classic white color makes it appear premium.
- Keep branding in mind: Don’t lose out on communicating your brand’s voice. Your brand story should flow seamlessly through packaging colors and design. Do you want to reveal a quality about your organization? Is your brand professional, fun, or rebellious? For instance, T-mobile decided to adopt a hot pink logo when most other mobile service providers opted for black, blue, and red hues— making it different and bold.
- Consider cultural preferences: Colors have cultural meanings attached to them. Understand your consumers’ culture and heritage to come up with color combinations. For example, the color red represents good luck in China.
- Maintain consistency with design and font: Your colors should gel well with packaging design and the font you choose. Although it might seem obvious, it doesn’t take much to get too creative and go overboard. The fonts you choose also send across a message to your buyers and the colors should resonate with this message.
- Stick to your core brand colors: While experimenting is great when it comes to packaging a new product, you have to maintain color consistency and brand identity. This means consumers should be able to recognize your brand no matter what the packaging or colors. For example, when Maaza came out with new packaging for their bottles, they still maintained the traditional yellow and red. You could also maintain consistency through tint and shade.
While there are a lot more factors to be considered, such as printing technology, the nature of the printing surface, or the print finish, choosing packaging colors is a careful decision to be made. And this decision cannot be made without understanding what your audience subconsciously associates with popular colors.
The Packaging Color Psychology
Different hues influence human behaviour and emotion in multiple ways. A person’s response to a particular color is triggered involuntarily and is driven by psychology. For example, brighter colors tend to reduce the seriousness of packaging, black adds sophistication to any packaging, grey or brown make the packaging conservative or masculine, pink adds a feminine touch, while red draws attention.
Shade and tint also play a role. They simply decide how a dull or bright color should be since different tones have different meanings.
Let’s take a look at popular colors and their business perception.
[Take a quick look at this color psychology cheat sheet to understand packaging colors better]
- ATTRIBUTES: simplicity, elegance, purity
- BRANDS: Apple, Dove, Himalaya Baby Products
White is a packaging color that is often used to convey that the product is simple, safe, traditional. For instance, Apple always highlighted the simplicity of their devices and all iPhone or iPad packaging is white. White is often accented with other colors to enhance or change the perception.
- ATTRIBUTES: sophistication, strength, authority
- BRANDS: Zara, Coach
Generally, black is used for high-end products, and the color conveys a sense of luxury. It evokes class and elegance. Like white or grey, black can also be accentuated with other colors. Metalized gold or silver printing on matte black packaging creates an expensive look.
- ATTRIBUTES: strength, honesty, dependability, harmony, serenity
- BRANDS: Renu, Gillette, Pepsi
When it comes to product packaging, blue is one of the safest colors to use, irrespective of the age or gender of the potential customer. Another way to view this is to think of blue as boring, owing to its reliability and common use. You’ll have to think about your potential customers before going ahead with blue. Choosing the right shade of blue can allow you to target a specific market. Generally, darker shades of blue appeal to older audiences whereas lighter or more vibrant hues are for younger customers.
- ATTRIBUTES: excitement, passion, strength
- BRANDS: Coca-Cola, KFC, Nescafe
Red can stand for a lot of things. It really depends on the shade of red you are using. Darker shades are linked with products that are luxurious and professional whereas lighter shades are associated with products that are lively, energetic, but can be thought of as having a lower market value. Often gold or silver embellishments can help in lifting the perceived value.
- ATTRIBUTES: security, growth, harmony
- BRANDS: Subway, Green Tea
Green has been a staple color for eco-friendly, natural, or healthy organic products. Like with red, darker shades of green are often linked to more luxurious products whereas muted shades are used for products associated with safety or nutrition.
- ATTRIBUTES: fun, adventurous, friendliness
- BRANDS: Fanta, Orange Juice, Payless Shoe Store
Psychology associates orange with exploration, extroversion, confidence, and optimism. However, different shades of orange have different meanings. Orange is a difficult color to work with. But when done right, it can do your brand wonders.
- ATTRIBUTES: fun, optimism, energy
- BRANDS: McDonald’s, Sunflower Oil, Amul, Lego
In packaging, yellow suggests originality, innovation, and fun. Yellow packaging is generally targeted at children and adolescents. It is an excellent option for products that aim to make people happy.
- ATTRIBUTES: calmness, clarity, purity
- BRANDS: Tiffany
Turquoise is a calming color. It conveys clarity of thought. Turquoise is a great color choice for health-related products or even cleaning products because it symbolizes cleanliness and purity without being too sterile.
- ATTRIBUTES: indulgence, luxury, spirituality
- BRANDS: Cadbury, Hallmark
Purple is used by food brands that are more of an indulgence than a necessity. Holistic products also make use of purple packaging since it’s associated with individuality and imagination. Purple with gold or silver accents can add a sense of exclusivity and exceptional quality.
- ATTRIBUTES: calming, beauty, femininity
- BRANDS: Barbie, Victoria’s Secret
Pink is non-threatening and calming. It is associated with empathy, sincerity, and beauty. Softer shades of pink are generally used for the packaging of products that are targeted towards females. However, darker shades of pink or combining pink with darker colors signify strength and sophistication. A muted and greyed out pink attracts an older market whereas bright neon pink attracts pre-teens.
While individual colors indicate certain aspects, adding a combination of colors, accents, or prints in a different color can change or alter your messaging. When creating a color palette for your packaging, it is essential to know how to combine colors. You can choose from harmonious or contrasting colors. For instance, green tea packaging might have analogous colors whereas an energy drink packaging usually has complementary, bright colors.
Packaging Color By Industry
The industry plays an important role when it comes to packaging color. That’s because of the perception the industry has on the buyer. Buyers are likely to take food and pharmaceutical packaging color more seriously than FMCG product packaging. Here are some insights.
Food and Beverage
In food packaging, red has always been universally accepted. Green is used for healthy and natural foods whereas yellow is used for high energy serotonin-inducing products. Orange is associated with healthy and filling foods such as oats whereas blue is used for fun foods, such as cakes or crackers.
Cosmetic packaging traditionally makes use of pink and blue hues. As expected, packaging with pink is targeted towards female consumers whereas blue has been used for both the male and female segments. Cosmetic packaging also makes use of black and white colors. Products with charcoal often use grey or black packaging. Whereas products for children or products with milk extracts make use of white packaging.
In retail packaging, the color often depends on the product as well as the brand. In most cases, the color is determined by the product. At other times, the color associated with branding is used. For instance, the packaging of the detergent product, Tide, has been predominantly orange, and the color is a part of the brand identity.
Similarly, Canon uses red and white in their camera and printer retail packaging. The retail packaging of Casio watches uses vastly different colors. They use blue for their low-cost line-up, black for the more expensive series, white for women’s watches, and grey for their vintage collection. On the Run energy bars have different colors of packaging that indicate different flavors.
The color used in electronics packaging often depends on the brand’s image or message – there is no fixed color. For instance, Microsoft uses white, grey, or black packaging for its Surface devices to signify simplicity and power. Apple also makes use of white packaging. Motorola has made use of more vibrant colors for their phone boxes. While Logitech uses its proprietary green shade.
Some Final Tips Before Winding Up
Keep your customers and your brand at the forefront when choosing packaging colors. If you’re going all out with re-branding or creating packaging for a new product, mood boards can help. If you want to deep dive and understand packaging colors, font, and dimensions used by other brands or want to compare designs, our artwork proofing tool can help you.
Are there any other colors you’d like to know about? Have you tested out packaging shades for your product? If you’re looking to decide on the right packaging color, let’s start a conversation. Our team of experts can help you create a remarkable package design.